Family Planning Options for Couples Who Can’t Have Children

Fortunately, for those facing fertility challenges in the UK, there are a range of options available to help build your family. 

Here, we’ll explore the various family planning options available in the UK for those facing fertility issues:

Fertility Procedures

The NHS offers a range of fertility treatments depending on the specific cause of infertility. These might include:

• Ovulation induction medication: This stimulates egg production for individuals with infrequent ovulation.

• Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Sperm is directly placed into the uterus, bypassing the cervix, to increase the chances of fertilization.

More advanced treatments, such as IVF and ICSI, may also be available depending on your circumstances. It’s important to discuss these options with your GP or a fertility specialist to determine the most suitable course of treatment.


Surrogacy is an arrangement where a woman (the surrogate) carries and delivers a baby for another couple (the intended parents). This can be a fantastic option for those with medical conditions that prevent pregnancy or same-sex male couples who wish to have a biological child. There are two main types:

• Altruistic surrogacy: The surrogate receives no financial payment beyond reasonable expenses.

• Commercial surrogacy: The surrogate is financially compensated for carrying the pregnancy.

The UK has clear legal guidelines surrounding surrogacy and you may benefit from working with a family law solicitor if you are planning a surrogacy to ensure all sides are properly represented and protected.


Adoption is a process of welcoming a child permanently into your family. The UK has a robust adoption system with various routes to consider, including:

• Adopting through a local authority: This is the most common route and involves working with a social worker to find a suitable child match.

• Adopting a step-child: If you are in a long-term relationship with a partner who has a child from a previous relationship, you may consider adopting your step-child.

• Intercountry adoption: This involves adopting a child from country. The process can be lengthy and complex, so it’s vital to research thoroughly beforehand.

Adoption UK is a fantastic resource for anyone considering adoption. They offer comprehensive guidance and support throughout the process.


Fostering provides a temporary, loving home for children who are unable to live with their birth families. There are different types of fostering, such as short-term, long-term, and respite care. While fostering may not lead to permanent family formation, it offers a chance to make a real difference in a child’s life.

The decision to start a family is a personal one. No matter which path you choose, there is support available. 

Your GP can be a starting point for discussing fertility issues and treatment options. There are also numerous patient support groups specifically for those facing infertility. These groups offer invaluable advice and emotional support from people who understand the challenges you may be facing.

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